Pearl & Gems

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Normal skin

Normal skin is comfortable and requires less attention. Good luck with this skin type to keep a balance between the production of oil and moisture skin smooth and healthy with minimal downtime. Clean with mild soap daily and use a light moisturizer if needed usually sufficient for this type of skin but little maintenance.

Dry skin

Dry skin can affect any age but is more common with age. It can be uncomfortable and crowded, often with dry areas cause the irritation and itching. Due to the lack of oil, dry skin is more prone to fine lines and wrinkles appear. If your skin is dry, a moisturizer under make-up and often at bedtime to increase comfort and reduce your chances of unwanted lines.

Oily skin

Oily skin occurs when the sebaceous glands work overtime and give too much oil, our skin look shiny, greasy, sometimes. Large pores are often characteristic of people with oily skin type and young people often have acne and experience diminished self-esteem. Fortunately, there are many products on the market today to keep oil under control, reduce or eliminate scarring that can occur. The use of make-up and powder absorbs excess oil and minimize shine.

Zone T

Combination skin care is the most difficult because some areas are dry, a little fat and some may be quite normal. oily surfaces are usually T-zone and forehead, while the dry areas are often in peripheral areas of the cheeks. The use of hair products that can come into contact with the skin around the hairline affect an unwanted pregnancy drying. There is no product that magically solve the problems of the region, so it’s best to take the time to the type of combination skin to respond accordingly.

Tips to brighten your face, are as follows.

– Put your face to the sun.
– Apply a moisturizer before you leave.
– Wash your face at least 3 times per day.
– Weekly to remove after washing the face with an exfoliating cream, face quality to dead cells, black heads and white heads.
– Apply the Aloe Vera Gel night.
– Use a herbal mask once a week.
– Eat more fruit and vegetables.
– Drink at least 3 liters of water per day.

Eating the right diet for your skin

Skin care products more expensive it will not help you clear healthy skin without help from their diet. What you eat is reflected in his body outside. Here are some tips on proper nutrition for healthy skin and clear.

* Fish contains oils that nourish the skin makes it soft and light.

* Flaxseed is known, a good source of omega three, that help improve the health of the skin. You can get a little flaxseed to your breakfast cereal.

* Eat a salad with carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkins, tomatoes, broccoli and kale, you will be rich in Vitamin A, which radiates a need for a healthy skin. Some people are rough, dry skin, which is usually the sign of a lack of vitamin A.

* Eat with nuts like almonds and hazelnuts to improve skin tone by being able vital vitamin E. commented on a beautiful clear skin by eating some of these nuts a day.

* The excessive use of refined white flour and sugar leads to premature aging of the skin and increases wrinkles. If you are looking to lighten your skin fast, you should avoid consuming products containing large amounts of refined sugar, including soft drinks and sweets included.


Make Up For a glowing skin it’s important the basic skin care routine. Use cosmetics which does not make your skin dry, and a good moisturizing cream.

When you make-up you can also use a highlighter on your cheekbones and nose. You can also use a highlighting primer maybe that will help to make your skin glow.

You have a dry skin so you can better use cream blusher instead powder blush.

Woman falls in love with a handbag in early childhood when she sees it for the first time in her life, in her mother’s closet, for instance. And this love is ongoing, it never stops and only increases with time.

The interesting fact is that every woman usually sticks to a certain type of bags and just occasionally indulges herself with a piece that’s absolutely different from all other items in her collection.

Experts have done a survey on this question and revealed that it’s all about woman’s individual character traits that determine the style of bags she prefers.

So, according to the survey:

If woman prefers clutches (not only for special occasions but daily wear as well) she is most likely to be a confident, self-assured person who likes to feel independent and believes she can do everything on her own.

Fashion can often be a confusing thing. Items can be hot one minute and not the next, so what should the savvy man be wearing? We’ve put together a little guide to give you the lowdown. Striped sweaters are very popular right not as they’re both slimming and attractive. We love the sweaters that come in block colors and have the occasional sliver of horizontal piping across them, but you can choose anything from lots of thin stripes to a few thick stripes.

An absolute must for men who hate ironing is the broadcloth shirt. These are essentially long-sleeved dress shirts but with a bit of added rumple for that ‘just got out of bed look’. But don’t worry – you won’t look like you’ve dressed in a hurry as they’re also really well cut so you can be sure of looking stylish and put-together, not mismatched and hurried. Choose from a range of colors to find one that looks gorgeous on you. Crisp white is also a really good look.

Another really trendy men’s clothing item right now is the belted jacket. You have loads of choice here, which is great, as it means you’re not just limited to one style. You could choose a belted leather trench, a long wool coat with a belt or a shorted belted jacket that will not only help to secure your coat around you but add an interesting style feature to your garment. Dark colors work really well here, so stick to black, grey or dark blue for a sophisticated look.

If you’re not convinced by the belted option, then considered the black jean or denim jacket. This is really hot right now and it provides a great alternative to regular dark or stonewashed denim. It’ll even look fantastic with your jeans, so you don’t have to worry about clashing shades of denim anymore. You can also pick a jacket that best suits your shape as it’s available as both fitted and looser options. The dyed black denim puts a great twist on the original trend.

The last entry on our list of hot items in men’s clothing is the plaid flannel shirt, which we think looks awesome when teamed with the black jean jacket as discussed above. Particularly great is the fact that flannel is breathable enough to be warm any time but will also keep you warm in the winter. You’re not just limited to one color with the plaid, either, as it now comes in a range of shades, making this eternally popular shirt an even more attractive prospect.

Gemstones: Introduction
For the past 10,000 years, mankind has always been fascinated with gemstones. Their colors, properties, myths, and legends are diverse and captivating. In the ancient times gemstones were reserved only for the rich and served as status symbols. They were also worn as amulets and talismans, offering protection against ghosts, repulsing evil, and preserving health. Today these stones can be admired in museums; treasure vaults, and are even bought for jewelry. In the following, we will be discussing more about gemstones, its origins and properties.

Please enjoy!

Origin of Gemstones
Most gemstones are mineral crystals and can be formed in various ways. Some crystallize from molten magma and gases of the earth’s interior, and some from volcanic lava steams that reach the earth’s surface. As it slowly cools, it forms what is known as igneous rocks. Other minerals crystallize naturally from hydrous solutions or grow with the help of organisms. This is known as sedimentary rocks. Gemstones can also be formed by recrystallization of existing minerals under great pressure and high temperatures in the lower regions of the earth’s crust. This is known as metamorphic rocks.

Properties of Gemstones

Hardness Scale
Different gemstones can be differentiated by their hardness, or scratch hardness. The Viennese mineralogist Friedrich Mohs introduced the term scratch hardness, which is the resistance of a mineral when scratched with a sharp pointed object. Mohs set up a comparison scale using ten minerals of different degrees of hardness, which ranges from 1-10(1 being the softest and 10 the hardest), which is still in use today. Gemstones of scratch hardness 1 and 2 are considered soft, those of 3 – 5 medium hard, and those over 5 are hard.

Scratch Hardness Mineral used Cutting


1. Talc 0.03
2. Gypsum 1.25
3. Calcite 4.5
4. Fluorite 5
5. Apatite 6.5
6. Orthoclase 37
7. Quartz 120
8. Topaz 175
9. Corundum 1,000
10. Diamond 140,000

Cleavage and Fracture
The cleavage of a gemstone is the manner in which minerals can separate and split off. Gemstones can “cleave” along certain planes where the atomic bonding is weaker. Cleavage is often used to divide large gem crystals or to remove faulty or uneven pieces. The largest diamond ever found was the Cullinan Diamond, which was 3,106 carats in 1908 and was cleaved into 3 large pieces then cleaved again into numerous smaller pieces.

When dealing in gem trade, there are four main units of measurement used as units of weight. There is the, carat, gram, grain, and momme. The carat is the basic unit of measurement for gemstones. It is equal to 200 milligrams or.2 grams. The price of a certain gemstone would be indicated by the total number of carats. To measure smaller diamonds, it is often expressed as points. The way to look at points is that 1 carat is equal to 100 points, so a point would be equal to.01 or one-hundredth of a carat. The gram is a unit of weight measure used for less precious/expensive gemstones and especially for rough stones. The grain is a unit of weight measure for pearls and is equal to.05g or ¼ of a carat. The momme is an old Japanese measure for cultured pearls. One momme is equal to 3.75g or 18.75ct.

Density and Specific Gravity

Another way to measure gemstones is to measure the specific gravity. The specific gravity is the measurement of weight of a specific item, in this case a gemstone, which is of any volume, compared to the weight of an equal volume of water. Specific gravity is usually expressed in density, which is the grams per cubic centimeter(g/cm3) or for larger gemstones kilograms per cubic centimeter (kg/cm3). To determine density, there are two methods that have been proven to be successful. The first method is the buoyancy method which can be done with the help of a Hydrostatic Balance. The Hydrostatic Balance uses Archimedes Principle of buoyancy which states that the buoyant force of an object in water is equal to the weight fluid that is displaced by the object. The second method of determining density is the suspension method. The suspension method is states that an object will float in liquid of higher density, sink in a liquid of lower density and remain suspended in liquid of the same density. This is an inexpensive method that can be performed using a set of liquids where the amount of density is known.

Of all the properties of gemstones, color is the most important. This is because color is the most obvious and attractive feature of gemstones. The color of the gemstone is determined by a mixture of different colors of light. When light passes through a material, some of the wavelength is absorbed, while the rest passes through. If all the light is absorbed, the stone will appear black. If all wavelengths are absorbed in the same degree, the stone will be white or gray. Most gemstones cannot be distinguished by color alone because many of them have the same color. Gemstones of the same species can vary in different colors. A certain gemstone can have its own inherent color from its chemical makeup. All other colors are created by impurities. The inherent color can be seen by streaking the mineral on a rough porcelain plate called a streak plate.

Refraction of Light
The amount of light that refracts in each gemstone is constant in each specific gemstone. This can be used to identify each specific stone. The amount of light that refracts through a specific stone is called the refractive index(RI). A refractive index(RI) can be properly defined as the measure of the angle at which light traveling through a stone is bent or refracted. The refractive indexes of gemstones are between 1.4 – 3.2. In most gemstones, the exception of opals and glasses, the ray of light is refracted when entering and is divided into 2 separate rays, each of which is travelling into separate directions. This is what is called double refraction. Light refraction can be measured using a refractometer (link to refractometer on website). Unfortunately testing with common refractometer is only possible to measure the value on 1.81 and only stones with flat stones with flat face or facet are suitable. Refractometers can also detect stones with double refraction.

Another way to evaluate gemstones is through their transparency. The transparency of a gemstone is the property of transmitting light through a gemstone without any cloudiness or haziness of the gemstone. Transparency can be affected in many ways. One way is through the gemstones inclusions. Certain types of inclusions such as solids, liquids and gaseous inclusions can affect the gemstones ability to transmit light. This will be discussed more on the next portion.

Most gemstones are completely “clean”, meaning that they may contain some type of foreign material or some irregularity in the gemstone. This is what is called an inclusion and is one of the ways that makes a gemstone unique. Inclusions can come in 3 different types: solid, liquid and gaseous. Solid inclusions may include some minerals of same or foreign. This may have been caused from older minerals can be surrounded by a host stone. Liquid inclusions are usually in the form of water but may also include saline. Gaseous inclusions can different types of gasses such as oxygen, nitrogen, etc. Some inclusions may include both liquid and gas and is called a two-phase inclusion.

Freshwater pearl-producing mussels can accept up to 50 implants at a time. They typically require 2-6 years to grow, and the finished pearl typically ranges in size from 4mm to 11mm. Larger freshwater pearls do exist, although their bigger size will likely be reflected in a bigger price tag. Approximately 60% of a typical freshwater pearl crop is made up of button pearls (flat on one side) or oval pearls. Only about 2% of the harvest is round, according to the latest information from the Gemological Institute of America. Baroque (no symmetry) and semi-baroque pearls typically make up the remainder of the crop. As with Tahitians and other pearl types, in a skilled designer’s hands, these unique pearls can be turned into extremely beautiful jewelry.

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Pearl Gems is a blog by which any one can choose the design of jewel and can select any jewel for his love one..
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July 2018
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